Welcome to the Guston Church of England Primary School English Page

English is the foundation for all other subjects within our curriculum. It is the teaching of reading, writing, speaking and listening. These skills feed in to all other elements of school life. At Guston Primary pupils develop an ability to speak and listen cohesively. The immersive and exciting themes and activities allow children to explore how to live through literacy and how important it is to their lives


We aim to:

  • To develop a phonic awareness: In Key Stage 1, the children receive explicit daily phonics instruction in which the children are taught the strategies for applying phonics to everyday reading. In Key Stage 2, the teachers blend the teaching of phonic skills, spelling and vocabulary with an immersion into literature.
  • To develop basic skills needed to read and decipher literature.
  • To develop independent skills to read for information

Reading is a priority and we aim for all the children to thrive in reading and have a love for literature. Reading is taught through Big Read as a whole class at the beginning of each week and followed up in group mini-missions, co-operative paired reading and individual reading. Our school reading scheme, for both Key Stages, contains a wealth of books, including phonic readers relating to the sounds the children are learning and books covering a range of genres, in a variety of formats. The children are monitored regularly, as they progress through the scheme, to ensure that the stage they are on offers appropriate reinforcement as well as a level of challenge. In Key Stage Two, higher order reading skills are taught, such as inference, deduction and critical thinking, along with the development of the children’s background knowledge about language and literature and the development of a love of reading. 


We aim to:

  • To encourage an understanding of the processes for writing for a variety of genres
  • To develop an ability to produce a piece of writing for a given audience.

Our goal is for the children to not only enjoy writing but to also understand how to become better writers. This context regularly involves the use of quality shared texts as starting points, with the fundamental skills and features being systematically taught.

In the important early years of school, the children are taught to use their oral language and their growing knowledge of phonics to draw letters to match the sounds. From this emergent writing, the children progress through Key Stage 1, learning the mechanics and basic conventions of the written word.

In Key Stage 2 the children are taught higher order composition skills, using planning, drafting, evaluating and revising as important parts of the process. They are actively engaged in learning how language works and are taught how to improve and refine their writing skills.

The teaching of writing takes place in classes, either with the whole class engaged in shared or independent writing activities, or in smaller guided writing groups or as additional individual support.  Strategies, methods and resources are tailored to suit the needs of the particular children in each class.

Children’s progress is measured throughout the year and pupils are given targets based on their writing and the end of year expectations (See attached assessment sheets). This is done at the end of each unit of work through writing conferencing; either on a one to one basis with a teacher or in a small group of their peers. 


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